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Earthworm fauna of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

This updated list (Table 6) consists of 21 earthworm species. Out of all recorded species, 13 (62%) species are regarded as autochthonous and 8 (38%) species are peregrine ones.

 

Table 6. Earthworm fauna of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. (Abbreviations: A-species regarded as autochthonous ones, P-species regarded as peregrine ones).

Species Recorded in Expected origin
Family Lumbricidae
Aporrectodea caliginosa (Savigny, 1826) Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 P
Aporrectodea jassyensis (Michaelsen, 1891) Rosa, 1893 A
Aporrectodea rosea (Savigny, 1826) Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 P
Bimastos parvus (Eisen, 1874) Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005 P
Dendrobaena alexandrii Szederjesi et al., 2013 Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Dendrobaena byblica (Rosa, 1893) Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Dendrobaena negevis Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 1999 Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Dendrobaena orientalis karak Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005 Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005 A
Dendrobaena semitica (Rosa, 1893) Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Dendrobaena transjordanica Szederjesi et al., 2019 Szederjesi et al., 2019 A
Dendrobaena veneta (Rosa, 1886) Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Eisenia fetida (Savigny, 1826) Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005 P
Eiseniella neapolitana Örley, 1885 Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Eiseniella tetraedra tetraedra (Savigny, 1826) Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 P
Healyella jordanis (Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 1999) Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 1999, 2002; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Healyella syriaca (Rosa, 1893) Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Helodrilus patriarchalis (Rosa, 1893) Rosa, 1893; Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Octrodrilus transpadanus (Rosa, 1884) Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Szederjesi et al., 2013 A
Family Acanthodrilidae
Microscolex dubius (Fletcher, 1887) Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005; Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005 P
Family Ocnerodrilidae
Ocnerodrilus occidentalis Eisen, 1878 Csuzdi and Pavlíček, 2005 P
Family Megascolecidae
Metaphyre californica (Kinberg, 1867) Pavlíček and Csuzdi, 2005 P
Total: 21 species   13 A + 8 P

 

References

Csuzdi, Cs. and Pavlíček, T., 2005. The earthworms (Oligochaeta) of Jordan. Zool. Middle East 34: 71–78. Abstract

Pavlíček, T. and Csuzdi, Cs., 2005. Earthworm fauna of Jordan — A review. In: Advances in Earthworm Taxonomy II (Annelida: Oligochaeta). Proceedings of the 2nd International Oligochaeta Taxonomy Meeting dedicated to Victor Pop. 4–8 September 2005, pp. 183–188.

Rosa, D., 1893. Viaggi del Dr. E. Festa in Palestina nel Libano e regioni vicine. Boll. del Mus. Reg. di Sci. Nat. Torino 8 (160): 1–14.

Szederjesi, T., Pavlíček, T. and Csuzdi, Cs., 2013. New earthworm species from Jordan (Oligochaeta, Lumbricidae). Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hungaricae 59: 391–400. Abstract

Szederjesi, T., Pavlíček, T., Márton, O., Krízsik, V. and Csuzdi, Cs. 2019. Integrative taxonomic revision of Dendrobaena veneta (Rosa, 1886) sensu lato with description of a new species and resurrection of Dendrobaena succinta (Rosa, 1905) (Megadrili: Lumbricidae). J. Nat. Hist. 53: 301–314. Abstract

 

Levant Cyprus Israel Sinai Jordan Hatay Lebanon Syria

 

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